ECO-fun facts

ECO-fun facts

GET THIS…

  • The existence of water is essential for life on Earth.
  • Water has three different states, liquid, solid and gas.
  • The word water usually refers to water in its liquid state. The solid state of water is known as ice while the gas state of water is known as steam or water vapor.
  • Water covers around 70% of the Earth’s surface.
  • The three largest oceans on Earth are the Pacific Ocean (largest), the Atlantic Ocean (second largest) and the Indian Ocean (third largest).
  • Found in the Pacific Ocean, the Mariana Trench is the deepest known point in the world’s oceans.
  • Ocean tides are caused by the rotation of the Earth and the gravitational pull of the Moon and Sun acting on ocean water.
  • Water from a sea or ocean is known as seawater. On average, every kilogram (2.2lb) of seawater contains around 35 grams (1.2 oz) of dissolved salt.
  • The freezing point of water lowers as the amount of salt dissolved in at increases. With average levels of salt, seawater freezes at -2 °C (28.4 °F).
  • The longest river in the world is the Nile River; it reaches 6650 kilometers in length (4132 miles).
  • The second longest river in the world is the Amazon River; it reaches 6400 kilometres (4000 miles) in length.
  • The longest river in the USA is the Missouri River. At around 2,340 miles (3,770 km) in length it is slightly longer than the Mississippi River (2,320 miles). The two combine to form the longest river system in North America.

 

more ECO-fun facts

BET YOU DIDN’T KNOW THAT…

  • The female lion does ninety percent of the hunting.
  • The bat is the only mammal that can fly.
  • For every human in the world there are one million ants.
  • Canis lupus lupus isthe scientific name for a Gray Wolf.
  • It is much easier for dogs to learn spoken commands if they are given in conjunction with hand signals or gestures.
  • Male rabbits are called “bucks,” females are “does.”
  • Ants never sleep. Also they don’t have lungs.
  • A grasshopper can leap 20 times the length of its own body.
  • Fireflies are the only creatures that give off light without generating heat.
  • Hummingbirds beat their wings 60 to 80 times per second.
  •  Sharks are immune to cancer!
  • Alligators cannot move backwards.
  • The largest giant squid ever found weighed 8,000 pounds.
  • Jellyfish evaporate in the sun. They’re 98% water.
  • Most bioluminescent organisms are marine (e.g. bacteria, ctenophores, squids, shrimps, fishes), but there are a few terrestrial (e.g. fungi, snails, earthworms, insects – like fireflies!) and freshwater organisms (e.g. limpets) that are bioluminescent as well.
  • Bioluminescence can be used by organisms for attracting a mate, finding food, or protecting themselves by using it to distract or blind a predator, or counter-illuminate their body to blend in with their environment (same idea as counter-shading).